Glossary

Glossary

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are currently 15 glossary items in this directory beginning with the letter A.
AE
Above-Elbow

AK
Above-Knee

ADL’s
Aids to Daily Living

AFO’s
Ankle-Foot Orthoses – braces (Short Leg Brace)

Ataxia
a form of CP, inability to perform coordinated muscular movements

Atrophy
diminishing of size and strength of muscles that are no longer used, as a result of nonuse, amputation, or paralysis.

Alignment
A triplanar positioning of the prosthetic socket in relation to foot and knee.

Abbreviations for types of amputations:
AE – Above-Elbow
AK – Above-Knee
BE – Below-Elbow
BK – Below-Knee
HC – Hemi-Corprectomy
HD – Hip-Disarticulation
HP – Hemi-Pelvectomy
KD – Knee-Disarticulation
SD – Shoulder-Disarticulation
TK – Through Knee
WD – Wrist-Disarticulation

Acquired amputation
Limbs that were surgically removed due to disease or trauma.

Adaptive devices
Devices for specific functions (can be attachment to tools, sporting equipment, utensils, etc.) (bought or custom made)

Ambulation
walking, human gait

Amelia, Phocomelia
A medical term for congenital absence of a limb or partial absence of limbs.

Amputation
The loss or absence of all or part of a limb.

Assistive/adaptive equipment
Devices that assist in function, performance, daily living or mobility,specially designed devices.

Axillary crutch
Type of crutch that fits up under the armpit of the user. Sometimes called the “underarm” crutch.